A Modular Approach to the Extended One-generation Reproduction Toxicity Study

Authors : Nigel Moore, Susanne Bremer, Neil Carmichael, George Daston, Matt Dent, Wassila Gaoua-Chapelle, Nina Hallmark, Thomas Hartung, Beate Holzum, Ulrich Hübel, Marie-Louise Meisters, Steffen Schneider, Bennard van Ravenzwaay and Christa Hennes
Publisher : ATLA volume 37, pp 219-225, 2009

PMID: 19453218 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]


This is the report of a combined initiative between the European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals (ECETOC) and the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM), to evaluate triggers and waivers or an extended one-generation reproductive toxicity study, which is being developed as a test guideline by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The initial phase of the work was concerned with reviewing the endpoints evaluated in current regulatory guidelines for developmental and reproductive toxicity and those in newly-published proposals for the evaluation of agrochemicals. In particular, the aim was to design an intelligent testing strategy for reproductive and developmental endpoints, which would be suitable for the evaluation of general industrial chemicals, and to propose triggers and waivers for the investigation of optional modules in an extended one-generation reproduction toxicity study. An additional aim was to describe the extent to which these trigger and waiving criteria could already be considered to be validated, and to propose additional validation steps, if needed.

The conclusions of the task force were published as ECETOC Document No. 45 (1), which served as the basis for a multi-stakeholder workshop organised by ECETOC and ECVAM, which took place on 14-15 April 2008, at Barza d’Ispra, Italy. The workshop participants were drawn from academia, the regulatory community, industry, and contract research organisations. The outcome of the discussions and recommendations agreed upon by the workshop was published as ECETOC Workshop Report No. 12 (2).

This report represents the summary findings of the task force, taking into consideration the consensus agreement of the workshop.